1) Information about the Museums Organization
Muzejsko društvo Srbije (MDS) - SERBIAN MUSEUMS ASSOCIATION
a) Foundation (Year):
Museums as institutions can be members of the Serbian Museum Association.
Individuals: Experts from various areas working in museums.
(state/municipal funded, membership fees, third party funds)
All sources of funding mentioned above were used. Now, only membership fees.
d) Have the museums/your institution experienced budget cuts in connection with the financial crisis in the last two years?
What budget cuts in % are being made by (national) governments?
How do museums cope with the budget cuts?
Depending on a museum there are used:
1. Cutting in exhibition program
2. Cutting in collecting
3. Downsizing staff
2) Number of museums in your country:
Total: 139 museums
Art and Design: 21
Natural History: 1
Professionally run museums: 90% of museums are professionally run.
3) Ownership of Museums:
Museums of national significance:
- The National Museum in Belgrade
- Historical Museum of Serbia in Belgrade
- Museum of Yugoslav History in Belgrade
- Ethnographic Museum in Belgrade
- Museum of Applied Arts in Belgrade
- Museum of Theatrical Arts of Serbia in Belgrade
- Natural History Museum in Belgrade
- Museum of Science and Technology in Belgrade
- Museum of Genocide Victims in Belgrade
- Museum of Yugoslav Film Archive in Belgrade
- Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade
- Gallery of Serbian Cultural Society in Novi Sad
- Museum of NaÃ¯ve and Marginal Art in Jagodina
- Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade
- Gallery of the Matica srpska, Novi Sad
Private (foundations, associations, etc.):
All the above mentioned ownership of Museums is present in Serbia. In almost every town in Serbia up to 50 000 of inhabitants, there is a municipal museum with various collections (archeology, history, ethnography, art, applied art, nature etc).
4) Other museum organisation: ICOM
Regional level: ICOM SEE
5) Museum magazine:
6) National Museum legislation and structure:
The Law on Culture belongs to the existing cultural legislation.
This Law on Culture became operational from March 2010, although it depends on a number of sub-laws and ministry rulebooks that will have to go through the government or the Serbian Parliament. Because of the complicated administrative procedures, it will evidently take much longer to have the Law on Culture fully operational.
The draft version of The Law on Museum Heritage has been in public debate from 2008. Its final version is in preparation.
(12 April 2012)